In Electron, for the APIs that take images, you can pass either file paths or nativeImage instances. An empty image will be used when null is passed.

For example, when creating a tray or setting a window's icon, you can pass an image file path as a String:

var appIcon = new Tray('/Users/somebody/images/icon.png');
var window = new BrowserWindow({icon: '/Users/somebody/images/window.png'});

Or read the image from the clipboard which returns a nativeImage:

var image = clipboard.readImage();
var appIcon = new Tray(image);

Supported Formats

Currently PNG and JPEG image formats are supported. PNG is recommended because of its support for transparency and lossless compression.

On Windows, you can also load an ICO icon from a file path.

High Resolution Image

On platforms that have high-DPI support, you can append @2x after image's base filename to mark it as a high resolution image.

For example if icon.png is a normal image that has standard resolution, then [email protected] will be treated as a high resolution image that has double DPI density.

If you want to support displays with different DPI densities at the same time, you can put images with different sizes in the same folder and use the filename without DPI suffixes. For example:

├── icon.png
├── [email protected]
└── [email protected]
var appIcon = new Tray('/Users/somebody/images/icon.png');

Following suffixes for DPI are also supported:

  • @1x
  • @1.25x
  • @1.33x
  • @1.4x
  • @1.5x
  • @1.8x
  • @2x
  • @2.5x
  • @3x
  • @4x
  • @5x

Template Image

Template images consist of black and clear colors (and an alpha channel). Template images are not intended to be used as standalone images and are usually mixed with other content to create the desired final appearance.

The most common case is to use template images for a menu bar icon so it can adapt to both light and dark menu bars.

Note: Template image is only supported on OS X.

To mark an image as a template image, its filename should end with the word Template. For example:


The nativeImage class has the following methods:


Creates an empty nativeImage instance.


  • path String

Creates a new nativeImage instance from a file located at path.

nativeImage.createFromBuffer(buffer[, scaleFactor])

  • buffer Buffer
  • scaleFactor Double (optional)

Creates a new nativeImage instance from buffer. The default scaleFactor is 1.0.


  • dataURL String

Creates a new nativeImage instance from dataURL.

Instance Methods

The following methods are available on instances of nativeImage:

const nativeImage = require('electron').nativeImage;

var image = nativeImage.createFromPath('/Users/somebody/images/icon.png');


Returns a Buffer that contains the image's PNG encoded data.


  • quality Integer between 0 - 100 (required)

Returns a Buffer that contains the image's JPEG encoded data.


Returns the data URL of the image.


Returns a boolean whether the image is empty.


Returns the size of the image.


  • option Boolean

Marks the image as template image.


Returns a boolean whether the image is a template image.